sound1 W1S1 [saund] n
[Date: 1200-1300; : Old French; Origin: son, from Latin sonus]
1.) [U and C]
something that you hear, or what can be heard
= ↑noise
There were strange sounds coming from the next room.
sound of
She could hear the sound of voices.
the distant sound of rushing water
banging/barking/tearing etc sound
Did you just hear a rattling sound outside?
Light travels faster than sound.
a vowel sound
not make a sound
(=be completely quiet)
2.) [U]
a) the sound produced by a television or radio programme, a film etc
We apologize for the loss of sound during that report.
a sound engineer
b) the loudness of a television, radio, film etc
= ↑volume
turn the sound down/up
Turn the sound down a little, will you?
3.) [C usually singular, U]
the particular quality that a singer's or group's music has
We're trying to develop a harder, funkier sound.
4.) by/from the sound of it/things
judging from what you have heard or read about something
By the sound of it, things are worse than we thought.
5.) not like the sound of sth
to feel worried by something that you have heard or read
'There's been a slight change in our plans.' 'I don't like the sound of that.'
6.) sounds [plural] BrE informal songs or music that are on a record, ↑CD, or tape
I need to buy some new sounds.
7.) [C usually singular]
a narrow area of water that connects two larger areas of water
sound 2
sound2 W2S1 v
5¦(make a noise)¦
7¦(measure depth)¦
Phrasal verbs
 sound off
 sound somebody/something<=>out
[Sense: 1-5; Date: 1200-1300; : Old French; Origin: soner, from Latin sonare, from sonus; SOUND1]
[Sense: 7; Date: 1300-1400; : Old French; Origin: sonder, from sonde 'line for measuring the depth of water']
1.) ¦(SEEM)¦ [linking verb]
if something or someone sounds good, bad, strange etc, that is how they seem to you when you hear about them or read about them
sound adj
Istanbul sounds really exciting.
The whole story sounded very odd.
$80 sounds about right for a decent hotel room.
sound noun BrE
That sounds a good idea.
sound like
Nick sounds like a nice guy.
it sounds as if/as though
It sounds to me as if he needs professional help.
it sounds like informal
It sounds like you had a good time on your trip.
I'll come over to Richmond and take you out for dinner. How does that sound? (=used to ask someone what they think of your suggestion)
faraway places with strange-sounding names
2.) ¦(NOISE)¦ [linking verb]
if a noise sounds like a particular thing, that is how it seems to you when you hear it
sound like
To Thomas, her laugh sounded horribly like a growl.
I heard what sounded like fireworks.
sound adj
Her breathing sounded very loud.
(it) sounds as if/as though
The banging sounded as if it was coming from next door.
(it) sounds like informal
It sounds like the dog wants to be let out.
3.) ¦(VOICE)¦ [linking verb]
if someone sounds tired, happy, sad etc, that is how they seem to you when you hear their voice
sound adj
Are you okay? You sound tired.
Josie didn't sound very keen when I spoke to her.
Her voice sounded very young.
sound as if/as though
You sound as if you've got a cold.
sound like informal
She sounded like she'd been crying.
sound like
You sound just like my mother (=the things you say, opinions you express etc are just like the things my mother says) .
see usage noteseem
4.) ¦(WARNING)¦ [T]
to publicly give a warning or tell people to be careful
Several earlier studies had sounded similar warnings .
sound a note of caution/warning
I would, however, sound a note of caution.
Now it is an American economist who is sounding the alarm .
5.) ¦(MAKE A NOISE)¦ [I and T]
if something such as a horn or bell sounds, or if you sound it, it makes a noise
The bell sounded for dinner.
Sound your horn to warn other drivers.
She was unable to sound the alarm .
6.) ¦(PRONOUNCE)¦ [T usually passive]
technical to make the sound of a letter in a word
The 's' in 'island' is not sounded.
technical to measure the depth of the sea, a lake etc
sound off phr v
1.) informal to express strong opinions about something, especially when you complain angrily in a way that other people find rude or boring
sound off about
She's always sounding off about too much sex in the media.
He should check his facts before sounding off.
2.) AmE if soldiers sound off, they shout out numbers or their names to show that they are there
sound out [sound sb/sth<=>out] phr v
to talk to someone in order to find out what they think about a plan or idea
He sounded people out and found the responses favourable.
They want to sound out his opinion before they approach him formally.
sound somebody/something<=>out about
I wanted to sound her out about a job.
sound 3
sound3 W3 adj
4¦(in good condition)¦
[: Old English; Origin: gesund]
sensible and likely to produce the right results
≠ ↑poor
The book is full of sound advice.
a man of great integrity and sound judgement
ecologically/ideologically/theoretically etc sound
environmentally sound farming practices
a sound investment
2.) ¦(PERSON)¦
a) someone who is sound can be depended on to make good decisions and give good advice
sound on
He's very sound on matters of law.
b) informal someone who is sound is a good person and can be trusted - used especially by young people
My mum's sound. She'd never throw me out.
3.) ¦(THOROUGH)¦ [only before noun]
complete and thorough
a sound understanding of money and banking systems
a sound knowledge of English
He has sound grasp of European history.
in good condition and not damaged in any way
≠ ↑unsound
The floor was completely sound.
Is the building structurally sound?
sound as a bell
BrE spoken (=in perfect condition)
5.) ¦(HEALTHY)¦
physically or mentally healthy
≠ ↑unsound
of sound mind
law (=not mentally ill)
sound as a bell
BrE spoken (=in perfect health)
6.) ¦(SLEEP)¦
sound sleep is deep and peaceful
sound sleeper
(=someone who always sleeps well)
>soundness n [U]
sound 4
sound4 adv
sound asleep
deeply asleep
The baby was sound asleep.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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